The 2017 “Etymology of the Year”: The Fake Origins of “Covfefe”

While some casual observers speculated if covfefe would win Word of the Year, lexicographers duly noted that the presidential typo for coverage, if creating a curious cultural moment, lacked any meaningful use to genuinely merit any such award.

Screenshot from the New York Times

I think covfefe does deserve a different prize, however: my second annual Etymology of the Year.

In the aftermath of Trump’s tweet—yes, we live in an age where tweets have aftermaths—a confused and bemused public rushed to jokes and hot takes. Political critics interpreted covfefe as signs of the president’s dangerous Twitter addiction or deteriorating mental health. Cultural critics diagnosed covfefe as symptoms societal distraction from more pressing concerns of war, poverty, and climate change. Linguists weighed in on why we were so baffled by how to pronounce covfefe and whether or not covfefe would become a productive word or word-forming element(It seems not.)

Others, meanwhile, took to some very creative etymologizing. On Twitter, Chris David Miles winkingly offered:

He continued:

Though he may not have been aware of the parameters of Arabic, Chris David Miles was clearly having fun with the limitations of Google Translate. Still, the same Arabic “explanation” ran rampant on the likes of Reddit. 

Facebook circulated some very Trumpian, rabble-rousing stories. First, this:

Covfefe’ (pronounced “cuv – fee- fae”) is an Antediluvian term for “In the end we win.” It was commonly used by the sons of Adam to rail against the evil actions of the fallen who had led man astray.
The term gained popularity prior to the great deluge and was rarely used after the flood subsided. It regained favor around the time Nimrod was building his tower, after which it was entirely lost in translation at Babel.
That’s why Libs can’t find the Definition – It’s in the Bible! And that’s the one place they stay away from at ALL costs.!
LOL !!!
Share this post far and wide! That way libs might be able to ‘get a grip’ on themselves.

And then, um, this:

A few people have asked me about President’s Trump’s tweet in which he used the word “covfefe.” Most people think he meant to write “coverage” and they have had quite a bit of fun with it, but actually it is a real word of Yiddish origin, meaning “a futile search” or “a pointless and false quest.” It was originally transliterated from the Hebrew as “kabfefe,” whose etymology is “kab”—relating to the mystical Qabalah—and “fefe,” which is a word for “butterfly.” What Trump was actually saying in Yiddish tweet-speak was, “We are doing great things despite the press’s negative and pointless search, aka fake news.”

For those who are interested, the idea of “covfefe” comes from an old Yiddish tale about a foolish Sephardi rabbi who believed he was called to find and destroy the mythical and rare butterfly known as Benshariza, or “Lucifer butterfly”—a name that comes from “Helel ben Shahar,” meaning “shining star” (see Isaiah 14:12; also see Ephesians 2:2, where Satan is called the “prince of the power of the air”). The rabbi claimed that the Benshariza was recognizable by a unique and disturbing pattern on its huge wings, which looked like the moon and star symbol of the god Ba’al-Hadad. He was convinced that this ominous creature housed “the spirit of Satan” and that if he could destroy it, he would free the world of evil.

His search became an obsession, driving him across Europe to catch countless butterflies, but all he really caught were rounds of derision. His travels took him from Iberia to Bucharest, then up to Moscow, and finally back to Europe again, where he met his doom in the Palatinate (southwestern Germany), in a little town called Cagelenstat.* There he came across a baron who led him to believe that he had the beautiful butterfly in his possession but retorted, “Why, in the name of all things holy, would I hand it over to a little flitting fly-catcher on some stupid kabfefe!” The rabbi, exhausted and frustrated by his long travels, flew into a rage and lunged at the baron, who promptly drove a battle-axe into his skull and ended the meaningless quest. From that point on the word covfefe has been used to laugh at idiots in search of nothing.

*NOTE: It is likely mere coincidence that Cagelenstat is the original name of Kallstadt, Germany, which happens to be the birthplace of Friedrich Drumpf, the grandfather of Donald J. Trump. Friedrich, or Frederick, who became an American citizen in 1896, often advised his children, “Know what you want and follow your dream, but never get distracted by covfefe!”

Nope, nope, nope. Very nope.


The fact-checkers at Snopes, among others, have debunked these utterly false etymologies line by line. Covfefe isn’t Arabic. It isn’t does derive from some pre-Flood language. And it definitely doesn’t come from the Hebrew kabfefe referring to some “mystical butterfly.” But the theory of a secret message encoded in covfefe still spread online. 

And that fake news leached into etymologies—that fake etymologies made news at all—makes the bogus roots of covfefe my 2017 Etymology of the Year. Not even the business of word origins was safe from the conspiratorial, post-truth-y forces in the darker underbelly of social media, from impulses to ascribe meaning and purpose to Trump’s every last twitch on Twitter. 

And one person knew this most of all. Trump immediately deleted covfefe Tweet and trolled us all:

Let’s put to rest 2017 and all its etymological covfefery for a saner, less nonsensical 2018. Happy New Year!

m ∫ r ∫


9 thoughts on “The 2017 “Etymology of the Year”: The Fake Origins of “Covfefe”

  1. A tempting interpretation for Trump’s dog-whistle code word would be Arabic كوففة kawfafa, an verbal noun using the pattern fawʕala moderately productive in making denominative verbs from nouns with a long vowel in the initial syllable—in this instance, from كافّة kāffa “the masses, the populace”. Thus covfefe is “populism, rabble-rousing”. (Perhaps transmission through Turkish is necessary: a parallel for the development of the vowels can be found in tövbe from توبة tawba or regional tohene, tokhana “kitchen” from Persian تابخانه tāb-xāna, although the back vowel in the initial syllable of covfefe from short *a is not regular)… However, we need not ask the eventual question, “Trump an ISIS mole?”—for a far superior explanation is available. Trump is the modern Midas and covfefe is Lydian–a magic Lydian word taught to Midas by Dionysus after the return of Silenus to Lydia… This explains the color of Trump’s skin and hair (the result of him touching himself) and his wealth despite his ignorance and incoherence… and those alleged golden showers as well. Hipponax, in the verses preserving the Lydian phrase βασκατι κρολελ “Faskati krolel”, offers us interesting evidence that Lydian was particularly effective in magic rituals of the kind Trump engages in. It also explains why his daughter is a soulless statue with a bad yellow dye job.


  2. Covfefe = Covert Five Eyes Foreign Espionage… It’s a hint foreshadowing the news will come out soon. Obama and Hilary used Five Eyes to bypass US laws to spy on Trump and his team.


  3. The minute you use Snopes you lose all credibility. That organization is full of lies and deceptions that are biased. I wonder if we check all languages and various spelling of covfefe, how many interesting translations we can get. Typo or not, who really cares, this nation is done, because too many sheep want their bribes, and don’t care at what cost.


  4. Just wondering how y’all feel now after learning about H.R.288 – the COVFEFE (or Communications Over Various Feeds Electronically For Engagement) Act of 2017. Trump’s not exactly the idiot you make him out to be. Suckers – he gets ya every time! COVFEFE!! TRUMP 2020!!


    1. A quick lookup reveals the COVFEFE bill you mentioned was introduced in June 2017 by a Democratic Representative in direct response to the President’s May 2017 “Covfefe” tweet due to Congressional concern over Trump’s use twitter. Sorry MAGA man.


  5. When I deleted my original tweet because trumpers were taking it seriously, I started getting loads of DMs accusing me of being part of the deep state or speculating that I had been “silenced” asking for comment. It was annoying.


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